at Vanderbilt university,
One day before he gave an exam
he reminded the students of the university's honor code,
and told them no faculty member would be present during the test.
He said, "Today I am giving two exams
one in trigonometry and the other in honesty.
Hopefully you'll be able to pass both of them.
If you must fail, be sure to fail trigonometry.
There are many good men who cannot pass a test in trigonometry.
There are no good men who cannot pass a test in honesty."
In that unit, I gave a test to 5 classes of science students.
and graded them that night, but did not put any mark on them.
The next day, I passed them out, and had the students grade their own papers
and call out the grade to me, as I called their names.
The 2nd day, I announced in the first class what I had done.
I did not penalize anyone for lying or cheating.
It was all just an experiment in honesty
Believe me, I did not have to announce it after the second class.
Everyone knew about it when they came to class.
Several popped into the science lab
and confessed cheating even before it was time for science class.
Others confessed to me as they entered the room
before they say down.
And the cheating was very broad,
although there were a number of students
who were very honest in grading their papers.
integrity appears to be in short supply
and it has been getting worse and worse for decades,
said shoplifting arrests in several ... stores
jumped more than 100 percent over last year.
50% of shoplifters were under 18.
Another 25% were housewives
in the 19 to 27 category.
"more than 80% of the people we arrest
have the money in their pockets
to buy what they are stealing."
that it is almost a given
that people generally lie when it is to their advantage.
"The Repairman will Gyp you
if you dont watch out."
David Wise wrote his book The Politics of Lying,
in which he said,
"This erosion of confidence between people and government
is perhaps the single most significant
political development in America in the last decade.
He went on, "The american President today operates
within a new political framework.
He can no longer assume that
the majority of the people will believe him."
in a 6-year period beginning in 1964
the American people had steadily
lost confidence in the government,
and that was 10 years before Nixon resigned
at the end of the Watergate scandal in 1974.
Before 1964, public confidence in government
was consistently high.
already 19% of people did not believe
the most widely publicized event
the government had ever undertaken:
Namely that US astronauts
had been to the moon and back.
about the growth of businesses
that specialize in producing term papers
and even college graduate program theses
and selling them to thousands of students to cheat with them.
told about a soapbox derby winner who was disqualified
for cheating in the construction of his racer
and his cheating did result in him winning the race.
He not only lost his first place trophy
but a $7,500 scholarship.
It was the first time in the history of the Soap Box Derby
that had ever happened.
"No man is really honest,
none of us is above the influence of gain."
who lived about the same time
It's said he went about holding a lit lantern in broad daylight
saying he was looking for an honest man.
to prove that Aristophanes and Diogenes were wrong.
is that which is honorable
characterized by integrity and straightforwardness in conduct,
in thought and in speech
Soundness of moral principle and character
complete honesty and uprightness
with not masking of intentions.
Integrity demands that a person put on no false front,
that he wear no artificial mask,
that he play no deceptive role.
and every form of deception.
It is a term that describes one of the deepest
and most important qualities
of the worthy life.
who deceived Jacob's nearly blind father Isaac,
and stole his father's blessing that he was reserving
for Jacob's brother Esau.
Jacob lied to his father in both words and actions
pretending to be Esau
His older sons took and sold
his youngest son Joseph as a slave.
They fooled their father into thinking
Joseph had been killed by a wild beast.
They found themselves in the awkward postion
of trying to comfort their grieving father
at the same time they were trying to cover up their lie to their father.
Jacob morned for Joseph for about 20 years
before he ever came to realize the deception he suffered.
Jacob had earlier deceived his father Isaac
by wearing his brothers clothes
to make his father think he was actually his brother.
Jacob was later fooled by his older sons
who dipped Joseph's coat in goat's blood.
7 Do not be deceived,
God is not mocked;
for whatever a man sows,
this he will also reap.
the measure you give will be the measure you get.
1 Better is a poor man who walks in his integrity
Than he who is perverse in speech and is a fool.
7 A righteous man who walks in his integrity—
How blessed are his sons after him.